What is LTL Trucking and How they Maximize Efficiency with Digital Permit Book

Less Than Truckload Trucking (LTL) Means:

Less than truckload freight is described as freight transport that does not fill the container or trailer. It is often used for cargo that weighs less than 15,000 pounds. LTL trucking works on a hub and spoke model, where the shipments are collected from multiple origins and consolidated at a central hub. Freight carriers use LTL trucking to save on the cost of shipping small loads, and LTL or less than truckload truck drivers perform LTL trucking to carry two or more shipments as one load and earn money from two different clients.

What is Counted as an LTL Freight:

The freight forwarders consider a freight as an LTL freight by looking at the dimensions in cubic centimeters and the weight of the freight. Different companies have different criteria for a freight to be considered as an LTL freight. For example, a company known as DHL freight considers a freight of a maximum of 2,500 kg and a maximum occupying six pallet spaces an LTL or less than truckload freight. However, mostly the weightage of the LTL freights is between 150-15,000 pounds.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of LTL Trucking:

The LTL or less-than-truckload trucking, is chosen by many companies or customers who want to transport small loads cost-effectively or those who do not want expedited delivery.

Like in every trucking, there are both pros and cons. Similarly, LTL trucking also has its advantages and disadvantages for the shippers.

The Advantages of LTL Trucking:

  • Cost Efficiency:

One of the significant advantages of LTL trucking is cost-effectiveness. Shippers only have to pay for the space their shipment occupies; they share transportation costs with other companies. This brings a lot of savings for the shipper as not entire trucks have to be booked.

  • Increased Accessibility:

LTL or less than truckload trucking offers small business opportunities to logistics networks and carrier infrastructures that are otherwise expensive to maintain.

  • Flexibility and Scalability:

LTL trucking provides the shipper with the versatility to adjust the shipping volumes as per the fluctuations in demand. Shippers can transport small quantities without the burden of cost for excessive inventory.

  • Reduced Risk:

Less-than-truckload tracking reduces risks to the safety of freights. This type of safety measure, along with the excessive experience of the LTL truckers in transporting different types of loads has gained customer loyalty. The LTL carriers generally provide strict safety and quality standards, providing extra satisfaction to the shippers worried about their shipments.

Disadvantages of LTL Trucking:

1. Long Transit Time:

The journey of LTL shipment consists of multiple stops and consolidation points, Transit time can be longer enough than transportation time. So, those shippers who want to send small amounts of loads in a short period may find LTL or less truckload trucking less suitable.

2. Risk of Damage:

Since there are many kinds of loads being carried away in the same container, the chances for potential damage increase. While there are many precautionary measures taken into account this does not eliminate the risk of damage to the freight.

3. Limited Control Over Routing and Scheduling:

Carriers decide and schedule their routes by taking into account operational efficiency so the shipper has almost no control over the routes on which the trailer containing the shipper's shipment goes.

4. Potential for Shipment Claims and Disputes:

In case of any damage, loss, or similarity between the loads, it can be challenging to determine responsibility. There can be delays and disputes when the freight claim is filed.

What are the LTL Essentials?

The shippers must know some highly significant necessities of LTL before sending in their goods. Firstly the LTL shippers must be aware of the prices of LTL freights based on weight, dimension, density, distance, and any other extra charges if applied. Secondly, the shipper should check the packaging and labeling of their loads, as it is very important in LTL freight shipment to ensure proper labeling and packing of the loads. The third one is the selection of the right freight class as per the freight weight, dimension, density, etc. Then, the shippers must be aware of the time taken by LTL trucking to transport loads. The time taken by less than truckload trucking is quite long. Moreover, the shippers should look for less than truckload tracking and visibility. Many LTL companies provide the option to track the shipments. This is not only restricted to shippers, but the team employee can use a digital permit book and can track the company shipment to ensure compliance with rules and timings.

On the other hand, the shipper should make sure of accurate and complete documentation for LTL shipments like bills, commercial invoices, etc. The company should make use of a digital permit book to store, upgrade, and maintain complete documents for LTL shipment to avoid inconvenience. Also, the shippers should closely review the insurance policy if they cover the goods adequately in transportation via LTL. Lately, the freight claims should be considered too in case of freight loss or damage.

The Less Than Truckload Trucking Companies:

LTL or less than truckload trucking is an essential aspect of trucking. LTL trucking is a core need in the supply and logistics field. In the market, there are several well-performing LTL trucking companies. There are regional LTL carriers and national LTL carrier companies as well. Regional LTL companies are the companies that perform freight transportation of small loads over short distances. Meanwhile, national LTL carriers perform transportation of freight over long distances. Some of these best companies are mentioned below.

1. FedEx:

FedEx is another leading company that offers leading quality less than truckload trucking.

2. ABF Freight:

ABF Freight is another great company offering LTL trucking of great quality.

3. XPO:

XPO is another world-class LTL freight and logistic service that offers quality service of LTL trucking.


FTL freight, meaning full truckload freight is the transportation of large volumes of loads filling the trucks from one place to another. In FTL trucking, the shipments are taken from one company; however, in LTL, loads from different companies are taken and transported. FTL and LTL are different from each other in many ways.

  • Load Size

It can be concluded from the explanations mentioned above too, that both types differ by load. The LTL trucks carry small loads from different companies, while the FTL trucks carry large, heavy loads from one company only.

  • Cost

FTL trucking is more beneficial for the shipper willing to send bulk loads as the entire truck can be booked and the cost per unit decreases as the size of the shipment increases. Meanwhile, for LTL, small loads are better to be transported as the cost is divided between different shippers, making it cost efficient.

  • Speed and Transit Time

In comparison, FTL shipments take less transit time as they deliver the shipment from one place to the destination, while in LTL, the shipments' transit time is more as the LTL carrier has to go through different places to collect loads.

  • Flexibility

FTL shipment offers more flexibility as there is one shipment carried in the trailer. However, in LTL, shipments from several carriers compromise flexibility.

  • Suitability for Different Types of Cargo

FTL carries large volumes of shipments, so it is better for businesses requiring large amounts of shipments to be transported. Meanwhile, LTL is suitable for businesses with intermittent shipping needs.

  • Risk of Damage

The FTL shipments have a lower risk of damage compared to LTL as the cargo in FTL is not frequently handled, whereas in LTL, the goods are loaded and unloaded on different stops, so the risk of damage increases.

LTL or Less Than Truckload Salary:

The less than truckload trucking encompasses many different roles. The salary for each role varies as every role requires different skills, experience, and knowledge. Similarly, the LTL freight rates per mile also vary due to various factors. These factors are mainly the weight of the shipment, distance the truck covers, fuel prices, rate fluctuations in the market, etc. However, the salaries of some main roles in LTL trucking are mentioned below:

  • LTL Truck Driver:

On average, the LTL truck drivers can make about $40,000 to $70,000.

  • LTL Dock Worker:

Their salary can vary from $25,000 to $45,000 per year.

  • LTL dispatcher:

The LTL dispatcher's salary varies from $40,000 to $60,000.

Streamlining LTL Trucking with the Digital Permit Book

In Less Than Truckload (LTL) trucking, technology is pivotal in streamlining operations and boosting efficiency. One of the game-changing elements in this technological shift is the adoption of the Digital Permit Book, offering many benefits that redefine how LTL trucking companies manage their permits, compliance, and overall logistics.

1. Seamless Compliance Management:

With the ability to store and organize permits digitally, LTL trucking companies can ensure that their fleet fully complies with local, state, and federal regulations.

2. QR Codes for Quick Verification:

Integration of QR codes within Digital Permit Books introduces a rapid and efficient means of verifying permits. QR codes contain essential information encoded within a scannable image, allowing for quick and accurate validation by authorities, inspectors, or other relevant parties.

3. Real-Time Updates and Notifications:

Digital Permit Books offer real-time updates and notifications, informing LTL trucking companies about permit expirations, renewals, or regulation changes.

4. Improved Record-Keeping and Accessibility:

With a Digital Permit Book, LTL trucking companies can bid farewell to the hassle of managing physical permits and paperwork. Digital records are securely stored and easily accessible, eliminating the risk of misplacement or loss of crucial documents.

5. Integration with Fleet Management Systems:

Digital Permit Books can seamlessly integrate with existing fleet management systems, creating a cohesive and interconnected logistics infrastructure.


The summation of facts can lead to the conclusion that LTL trucking is an important type needed for transporting small supplies. This field can be a great way for anyone looking to begin their career in trucking. LTL trucking can teach one how to become a responsible carrier, as it teaches goods and time handling. Therefore, working as an LTL carrier can earn a good amount of money, develop trucking skills, and gain experience. The adoption of Digital Permit Book, featuring innovative elements such as QR codes, marks a transformative shift in the LTL trucking industry.

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